Amy Ashwood Garvey

(1897—1969) pan-African organizer and feminist

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(1897–1969). Co-founder with Marcus Garvey (whose wife she was) of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) and member of the London-based Pan-African movement. Ashwood was not only a political activist, but also a journalist, music producer, playwright, lecturer, and businesswoman. In 1914 she met Garvey at a debate in Kingston and helped to organize the inaugural meeting of the UNIA. The same year, aged just 17, she became UNIA's first secretary and a member of its management board, and co-founded its Ladies' Auxiliary Wing. Ashwood married Garvey in New York in 1919, where the couple established the American headquarters of UNIA. Her role as Garvey's chief aide and general secretary helped to build UNIA into an international Pan-African organization.


From The Oxford Companion to Black British History in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: British History.

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