Sir William Gascoigne

(c. 1350—1419) justice

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Henry IV

John of Gaunt (1340—1399) prince and steward of England

Richard Scrope (c. 1350—1405) archbishop of York

Raphael Holinshed (d. 1580) historian

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appointed lord chief justice of the King's Bench in 1400 by Henry IV, he figures in that capacity in Shakespeare's Henry IV. Shakespeare follows Holinshed's apparently apocryphal story (told in Elyot's Governour) that Prince Hal struck Gascoigne for attempting to arrest one of the prince's unruly followers, whereupon Gascoigne arrested the prince himself.

Subjects: British History — Literature.

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