Francis Gastrell was born in Slapton, Northamptonshire on 10 May 1662 and died in Oxford on 24 November 1725. He was educated at Westminster and Christ Church, Oxford (when Locke was there), graduating BA in 1684, MA in 1687 and BD in 1694. He was elected preacher in Lincoln's Inn in 1694 and in 1696 he intervened in the Trinitarian controversy. This first book brought him into dispute with William Sherlock but attracted the attention of the Archbishop of Canterbury, who appointed him Boyle Lecturer for 1697. He took the DD in 1700, when he also became chaplain to the House of Commons. He was subsequently appointed canon of Christ Church (1703) and a chaplain to the queen (1711). When he was made Bishop of Chester in 1714, he was allowed to retain his place as a canon of Christ Church in commendam. He was a busy and thorough administrator of his diocese.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.