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The conversion of solid or liquid hydrocarbons to fuel gas. Solid fuels such as coal or coke are converted into producer gas (carbon monoxide) or water gas (carbon monoxide and hydrogen) by the action of air (or oxygen) and steam. Solid fuels may also be hydrogenated to produce methane. Liquid fuels, from petroleum, are gasified to produce synthesis gas (carbon monoxide and hydrogen) or town gas (mostly hydrogen and methane), usually by cracking or hydrogenation.

Subjects: Chemistry.

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