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Alexander the Great (356—323 bc) king of Macedon 336–323

Darius III (c. 380—330 bc)




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Village in Iraq, scene of Alexander (2) the Great's decisive victory over Darius III of Persia in 331 bc. The battle appears to have opened with a Persian attempt to outflank Alexander's right, which was defeated, while a charge of scythed chariots in the centre was also routed by Macedonian light troops. Then Alexander led his Companions (See hetairoi), and the right and centre of his phalanx, to attack a developing gap in the centre of the Persian line, whereupon Darius fled with Alexander in pursuit. The Macedonian left came under extreme pressure. However, this attack was eventually contained, and turned into a rout on news of the flight of the rest of the Persian army.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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