An extremely high‐profile designer on account of his strikingly and often controversial fashion designs, French designer Gaultier has also worked on costumes for films and for the rock star Madonna, striking packaged perfumes and imaginative furniture, as well as releasing a record and co‐presenting a kitsch‐oriented television programme Eurotrash. He emerged on the fashion scene in 1976 with his first ready‐to‐wear collection for Jean‐Paul Gaultier Women; Jean‐Paul Gaultier Men was launched in 1983. Many of Gaultier's collections have drawn on wide‐ranging cultural and exotic references including Dada•ste (1983), Russian (1986, drawing on Russian Constructivism), The Rock Stars (1987), and Piercings and Tattoos (1994). In 1989 he worked on the costumes for Peter Greenaway's celebrated film The Cook, the Thief, his Wife and her Lover (1989), later designing the costumes for Spanish film director Pedro Almodóvar's Kika (1994), Marc Caro and Jean‐Pierre Jeunet's City of the Lost Chidren (1995), and Luc Besson's The Fifth Element (1997). Attracting widespread media attention and the eyes of a different audience were his celebrated costumes for Madonna's Blond Ambition world tour (1990). In 1993 Gaultier launched his first perfume for women and his first Hauture Collection Gaultier Paris in 1997. His design interests extend across a wide range of clothes and accessories including couture, ready‐to‐wear for men and women, jeans, leather goods, costume jewellery, umbrellas, scarves, ties, shoes, and glasses.
Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.