A Russian biologist and ecologist, best known for his competitive-exclusion principle, which he derived from his studies of competition among protists and described in a monograph, The Struggle for Existence (1934). Gause studied biology at Moscow University. In 1942 he and his wife, Maria Georgyevna Brazhnikova, isolated a strain of Bacillus brevis from which an antibiotic substance was produced and used later to treat infected wounds. For this Gause was awarded the Stalin Prize in 1946. From 1960 until his death he was director of the institute of antibiotics he and his wife had founded.
Subjects: Ecology and Conservation — Zoology and Animal Sciences.