Old Fr. dance in common time beginning on 3rd beat of the bar. Originated in Pays de Gap where the inhabitants were known as ‘gavots’. Popularized at court of Louis XIV, where Lully comp. several examples. Became optional movement of baroque suite. Some examples by 20th‐cent. composers, e.g. Prokofiev in his Classical Symphony and Schoenberg in his Suite for String Orch.