Gaylani Family

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Religious notables of Afghanistan, also known as the Naqib or Effendi family. Descendants of Sayyid Hassan Gaylani (d. 1941), the younger brother of the Naqib al-Ashraf of Baghdad. Gaylani came to Afghanistan in 1905. Welcomed among Pushtun tribes and by Amir Habibullah (r. 1901–19), he settled initially in Chaharbagh, near Jalalabad, then moved to Kabul. As leader of the Qadiri Sufi order with close ties to the rulers, he enjoyed great respect and political influence. He was succeeded by his sons, Sher Agha Jan (Sayyid Ali Gaylani, b. 1923) and then Effendi Jan (Sayyid Ahmad Gaylani, b. 1932), who left Kabul in 1978 and headed the National Islamic Front, Mahaz-e Milli-ye Islami-ye Afghanistan, in Peshawar during the jihad against the Soviet occupation.

Subjects: Islam.

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