(b Bergamo, 1909; d Bergamo, 1996). It. conductor, composer, and critic. In 1930s wrote opera, ballet, oratorio, vc. conc., and vn. conc., then devoted more time to writing and cond., eventually giving up composing and discouraging perfs. of his works. Cond. début 1940. Cond., La Scala from 1948 (art. dir. 1965–8). Débuts: Brit. (Edinburgh Fest.) 1957; Amer. (Chicago) 1957; Salzburg Fest. 1961; Glyndebourne 1965; NY Met 1976.
From The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music in Oxford Reference.