(b Dordrecht, 26 Oct. 1645; d Dordrecht, 27 Aug. 1727).
Dutch painter, active mainly in Dordrecht. After studying there with Hoogstraten, he became one of Rembrandt's last pupils in Amsterdam. He was not only one of the most talented of Rembrandt's pupils, but also one of his most devoted followers, for he was the only Dutch artist to continue working in his style into the 18th century, remaining completely resistant to new trends. His religious paintings, in particular, with their imaginative boldness and preference for oriental types, are very much in the master's spirit, although de Gelder often used colours—such as lilac and lemon yellow—that were untypical of Rembrandt, and his palette was in general lighter. One of his best-known works, Jacob's Dream (c.1710, Dulwich Picture Gal., London), was long attributed to Rembrandt.