American journalist, travel writer, and novelist, born in St Louis, Missouri. She left Bryn Mawr College before completing her degree to take up a career in journalism. In the 1930s, she travelled the US reporting on the effects of the Depression to the Federal Emergency Relief Administration, experiences that formed the content of a novella, The Trouble I've Seen (1936). Best known as a war correspondent she reported from dozens of battle zones, from the Spanish Civil War to the US intervention in Panama in 1989 (when she was 81), covering the D‐Day landings in 1944 and the liberation of the Dachau concentration camp. Among her other works are wartime novels (A Stricken Field, 1940, set in Czechoslovakia) and shorter fiction. Between 1940 and 1945, she was married to Ernest Hemingway. After a lengthy battle with cancer, Gellhorn took her own life in London at the age of 89. Selected Letters of Martha Gellhorn (ed. Caroline Moorehead) appeared in 2006.