(b Breslau, 1912; d Kingston-upon-Thames, 2004). Ger.-born conductor, pianist, and composer. Settled in Eng. Mus. dir. Toynbee Hall, London, 1935–9; ass. cond. SW Opera 1941–3; cond. Royal Carl Rosa Opera 1945–6; on cond. and mus. staff CG 1947–53; cond. and ch. master Glyndebourne, 1954–61 and from 1974; dir., BBC Chorus 1961–72. Co-founder and mus. dir., Opera Barga, Italy, 1967–9. Prof., GSMD. Visiting coach and occasional cond., RCM Opera Sch., 1981–8.
From The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music in Oxford Reference.