A preference for persons of a particular sex (which it has become politically correct to describe as their “gender”) in hiring, promotion. To some extent gender bias is built into the English language, which often uses masculine nouns and pronouns to embrace all humankind. Gender bias generally favors males in senior management and the leading professions, restricting females to subservient lower-rank positions and certain professions, such as nursing and school teaching. Initiatives driven by a renewed sense of social justice and the political imperative of affirmative action have aimed to “level the playing field” so classes of aspiring entrants to some professions, including medicine and law, sometimes now have a majority of women.
Subjects: Media Studies — Public Health and Epidemiology.