gender segregation (in employment)

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This term refers to the unequal distribution of men and women in the occupational structure—sometimes also (and more accurately) called ‘occupational segregation by sex’. There are two forms: ‘vertical segregation’ describes the clustering of men at the top of occupational hierarchies and of women at the bottom; ‘horizontal segregation’ describes the fact that at the same occupational level (that is within occupational classes, or even occupations themselves) men and women have different job tasks. Degrees of sex segregation vary inversely with the level of aggregation of data. See also labour-market; labour-market segmentation; occupational segregation.

Subjects: Sociology.

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