In eukaryotic organisms the occurrence of progeny with combinations of genes other than those that occurred in the parents, due to independent assortment (q.v.) or crossing over (q.v.). In bacteria recombination of genes may occur as a result of conjugation, sexduction, transduction, or transformation (all of which see). In bacterial viruses an infection of a host by two or more genetically distinct bacteriophages may result in production of recombinant phage. See Chronology, 1961, Meselson and Weigle; beads on a string, Holliday model, Visconti-Delbrück hypothesis.
Subjects: Genetics and Genomics — Chemistry.