Any undertaking, whether by a single organization or a consortium of scientific institutions, to map and sequence the entire genome of an organism. The bacterium Haemophilus influenzae was the first organism to be sequenced; the first eukaryotic genome to be sequenced was that of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. A massive international collaboration resulted in the sequencing of the human genome, completed in 2003 (see Human Genome Project). According to the Genomes OnLine Database (GOLD), by 2007 there were nearly 2500 genome projects, either completed or ongoing, involving species drawn from all groups of organisms.
Subjects: Biological Sciences.