The conversion of the Iberian king, Mirian III, probably in 334, was due to St Nino. According to Rufinus, she was a Christian captive; in Georgian tradition she is associated with Jerusalem. In the 5th cent. a Georgian script was invented for ecclesiastic purposes and soon the Gospels were translated (from Armenian). At first dependent on the Patriarchate of Antioch, the Georgian Church became autocephalous in the 8th cent. In 1811 it was absorbed by the Church of Russia; it regained its autocephalous status in 1917, though it was not recognized by the Soviet authorities or the Russian Church until 1943. It was a focus of nationalist opposition and suffered severe persecution, but since 1977 there has been a revival.