bishop of Csanad and martyr. A Venetian by birth, Gerard became a monk and later prior at San Giorgio Maggiore. On a pilgrimage to Jerusalem by a circuitous route, he travelled through Hungary, whose king Stephen invited him to be his son's tutor. Not long afterwards the see of Csanad was established with Gerard as its first bishop: he pioneered against the twin problems of paganism and imperfectly converted Christians, as Willibrord and Boniface had done elsewhere. On Stephen's death in 1038 there was a revolt against Christianity. At Buda Gerard was attacked by pagans, stoned, and transfixed with a lance: his body was thrown from the Blocksburg cliff into the river Danube. In 1083 his relics were enshrined with those of Stephen, but in 1333 Venice obtained a share of them and translated them to the island of Murano. There he is venerated as Venice's first martyr. Feast: 24 September.
AA.SS. Sept. VI, 722–4; C. A. Macartney, Medieval Hungarian Historians (1953); E. Pasztor, ‘Problemi di datazione della Legenda maior S. Gerhardi episcopi’, Bull. del l'Instituto Storico…e Archivio Muratoriano, lxxxiii (1961), 113–40; B.L.S., ix. 221–2; Bibl. SS., vi. 184–6.