King of the United Kingdom (1936–52) and the last Emperor of India (until 1947).
Second son of George V, he was born at Sandringham House in Norfolk and was known as Prince Albert until his accession to the throne. He served in the navy from 1909 to 1917 and was present, in HMS Collingwood, at the Battle of Jutland in World War I. He then spent a year in the air force. Created Duke of York in 1920, he became involved especially in youth work and established an annual camp attended by young men from different social backgrounds. In 1923 he married Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (1900– ; now the Queen Mother), and their two daughters, the future Elizabeth II and Princess Margaret, were born in 1926 and 1930 respectively. George became king after the abdication of his brother (see Windsor, Duke of) in 1936 and coped remarkably with a role for which he was not prepared and had little natural inclination – he overcame a severe stammer in order to perform his duties. During World War II he made a great contribution to public morale, especially in London during the Blitz. He died at Sandringham.
Subjects: British History.