(b Leipzig, 1883; d London, 1961).
Ger.‐born mezzo‐soprano (orig. sop.) (Brit. cit.). Studied Leipzig Cons. 1900–4 and with A. Nikisch, who later often acted as her acc., as at her début, 1903, on her 20th birthday. After a few appearances at Leipzig, rejected opera in favour of the recital platform, becoming outstanding exponent of Ger. Lieder, esp. Wolf, Brahms, Schubert, R. Strauss. Eng. début 1906, Amer. 1912. Settled in London 1934. Sang during war at Nat. Gallery concerts and for a time afterwards, then became teacher.