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A Protestant group which tried to bring about a synthesis between Nazism and Christianity. In 1933 they gained a majority in the Church elections and L. Müller, their most prominent member, became Reichsbischof of the German Evangelical Church. His attempt to introduce an ‘Aryan paragraph’ (excluding Jews from being clergymen or Church officials) into Reich Church law and his incorporation of the Evangelical Youth into the ‘Hitler Jugend’ alienated the embryonic ‘Confessing Church’ and he was virtually superseded by the appointment of Hanns Kerrl as Minister for Church Affairs in 1935. Nevertheless, the ‘German-Christians’ retained the official leadership of more than half the German Landeskirchen during the Second World War. After it the more extreme members disappeared from public view; others seceded from the Landeskirchen to join in a free Church.

Subjects: Christianity.

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