germ theory

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The theory of disease causation by tiny living creatures was proposed or hinted at by scholars, philosophers, and physicians in antiquity. The theory was confirmed after the invention of the microscope by the Dutch lens-grinder Antoni van Leeuwenhoek (1632–1723) and the rise of bacteriology in the second half of the 19th century under the intellectual leadership of Friedrich Gustav Jacob Henle, Robert Koch, Louis Pasteur, and others.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.

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