Ghent–Bruges school

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Term referring to the manuscript illumination of the southern Netherlands (modern Belgium) from approximately the last quarter of the 15th century until the mid-16th. It was first used by Destrée (1891), who referred to ‘manuscripts decorated in the Ghent–Bruges manner’, and by Durrieu in an article of the same year. Durrieu also defined the Ghent–Bruges school as that of the Grimani Breviary (Venice, Bib. N. Marciana, MS. lat. I. 99), but this second definition has never found a niche in the study of southern Netherlandish manuscript illumination. Some thirty years later, Winkler suspected that the predominant role in Flemish illumination was taken more by Bruges than by Ghent, and he accordingly referred to the ‘Ghent–Bruges’ or ‘Bruges school’.


From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.

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