(b Lecco, 1824; d Caprino‐Bergamasco, 1893).
It. writer. Career as bar. in Fr. and It. 1846–55, his roles incl. Carlo in Verdi's Ernani. Ed. Gazzetta musicale, Milan. Author of at least 80 opera libs., incl. that for Verdi's Aida (1871). Helped Verdi with rev. of La forza del destino (1869) and Don Carlos (1872).