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At the southern tip of Spain, 1,270 feet at its highest point, ‘The Rock’ commands the western entrance to the Mediterranean. The name derives from Djebel Tarik (Mountain of Tarik) after Tarik ibn Ziyad, the general leading the Moorish invasion of Spain in 711. In 1704, during the War of the Spanish Succession, it was captured by an Anglo‐Dutch fleet under Sir George Rooke and ceded to Britain by the treaty of Utrecht (1713). It has remained in British hands ever since.

Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — British History.

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