Painter. A landscape specialist, he favored winter scenes fusing meticulous detail with expressive effects. Born in Lyon, he trained in Paris, most notably with the romantic academic Paul Delaroche, before moving to New York about 1840. The Hudson River School provided a sympathetic context for his work as he turned to American subjects. Although his approach remained rooted in European technical and conceptual conventions, he gained considerable success around mid-century. Characteristically, he enlivened Winter Scene (Corcoran Gallery, 1850) with appealing genre touches that recall popular seventeenth-century Dutch precedents. On a frozen river, skaters and others enjoy the pleasures of snow-dusted surroundings. Pearly tonality, spatial plenitude, and delicately rendered, precise detail typify his best works. Some compositions are stitched together from fragments, however, and effects often skirt sentimentality. He returned to France in 1870 and died in Paris.