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Grove Karl Gilbert

(1843—1918)


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(1843–1918)

An officer on the US Geological Survey, Gilbert made studies of Meteor Crater, Arizona, suggesting that it was the product of a collision with an asteroid, and also studied lunar craters. He investigated crustal movements around Lake Bonneville, developing a theory of crustal isostatic compensation (see isostasy). He also distinguished between folded and block-faulted mountains.

Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography.


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