(b Algiers, 19 July 1877; d London, 19 May 1940). French baritone. After studies in Toulouse and Rome he won a premier prix at the Paris Conservatoire in 1902 and made his début on 14 December of that year as Silvio in Pagliacci at the Opéra, where he remained until 1908. He sang in Latin America, Spain, Germany and Monte Carlo. From 1909 to 1914 he was a member of the Metropolitan Opera, with which he sang Sonora in the world première of La fanciulla del West, Rigoletto, Count di Luna, Amonasro, Lescaut (Manon), Albert (Werther) and other leading roles. In 1911 he made his Covent Garden début as Amonasro and also sang Jack Rance (in the first London Fanciulla), Sharpless, Rigoletto and Athanaël in Thaïs. He appeared in several later seasons and was last heard in 1924 as Germont. He was admired as a highly musical and expressive singer, an excellent linguist and a fine actor. He taught in London, where his pupils included John Brownlee. Between 1908 and 1928 he made approximately 40 recordings displaying a rounded tone, a sophisticated style and a dramatic presence.
From The Grove Book of Opera Singers in Oxford Reference.