Photographer. Born in Colorado Springs, she remained primarily an interpreter of the American West. Already photographing before she was in her teens, between 1916 and 1918 she studied in New York at Clarence White's school. There she absorbed her mentor's commitment to impeccable print technique, his interest in design, and his affinity for poetic effects. Even her most documentary works feature these qualities. Following her return to Colorado, she produced portraits, landscapes, and architectural studies, with particular emphasis after 1930 on Navajo life. In 1945 she moved permanently to Santa Fe, New Mexico. There she continued documenting and researching native southwestern cultures and the archeological remains of their histories. The result of nearly two decades of work, her most important book, The Enduring Navajo (1968), for which she provided both text and illustrations, probes the tribe's traditions, culture, and geography. In addition, Gilpin published The Pueblos: A Camera Chronicle (1941), Temples in Yucatán: A Camera Chronicle of Chichén Itzá (1948) and The Rio Grande, River of Destiny: An Interpretation of the River, the Land, and the People (1949).
Subjects: Photography and Photographs.