(b Scaleby, nr. Carlisle, 30 Oct. 1733; d Brompton, Middlesex [now in London], 8 Mar. 1807).
English animal painter. He began his career as an apprentice to Samuel Scott, the marine painter, but turned to the painting of horses, making a name with ‘portraits’ of celebrated racers. In occasional large canvases he contrived his own blend of horse and history painting (The Election of Darius, c.1772, York AG). His son, WilliamSawreyGilpin (1761/2–1843), began his career as a watercolourist but turned to landscape gardening, a field in which he had great success, in spite of his lack of professional training. The Revd WilliamGilpin (1724–1804), brother of Sawrey, was a writer, draughtsman, and printmaker, one of the most important advocates of the Picturesque. His travel books helped to promote a boom in domestic tourism.