William Gilpin

(1724—1804) writer on art and headmaster

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is remembered for his influential writings on the picturesque, which did much to form the taste in landscape, art, and the literary treatment of nature in the later 18th cent. and which some have seen as heralds of Romanticism. From 1768 onwards he embarked on various travels in search of the picturesque, visiting many parts of the British Isles, and produced the series of illustrated tours parodied by Combe in his Dr Syntax. His theoretical principles are set out in his Three Essays: On Picturesque Beauty; On Picturesque Travel; and On Sketching Landscape (1792).

Subjects: Literature.

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