William Gilpin


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(1813–94), editor, soldier, and politician, figured in Western history as a soldier in the Indian wars and the Mexican War, and as first territorial governor of Colorado. He wrote two visionary works: The Central Gold Region (1860), later published as The Mission of the North American People (1873), in which he pictured the Mississippi Valley as the future home of civilization; and The Cosmopolitan Railway (1890), proposing a railway to connect America with Asia by way of the Bering Strait.

From The Oxford Companion to American Literature in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Literature.

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