William Sawrey Gilpin

(c. 1761—1843) landscape painter and landscape gardener

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(1762–1843), English garden designer, nephew of Revd William Gilpin. He is an intermediate figure, stylistically lying between the picturesque landscapes of his uncle and the full-blown Victorian rediscovery of formality. His work can be seen in the great flower parterre he laid out c.1831 for Audley End in Essex, which has been recently reinstated. Based on an 18th-century plan its sharp edges are blurred by lavish plantings of flowering shrubs, herbaceous perennials, and bedding plants. At Scotney Castle in the 1830s he advised Edward Hussey on the siting of his new house, with its picturesque valley views of the old castle which, probably under Gilpin's influence, was partly demolished to become even more picturesque. He was the author of Practical Hints on Landscape Gardening (1832).

From The Oxford Companion to the Garden in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Lifestyle, Home, and Garden.

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