Born in Minsk, he was a pioneer Russian Constructivist and engineer. The author of Ritm v Arkhitektura (Rhythm in Architecture—1923) and Stil' i Epokha (Style and Epoch—1924), among other works, he founded with Vesnin the influential Soviet architectural journal Sovremennaye Arkhitektura (Contemporary Architecture) in 1926. From 1927 he specialized in mass-housing, building experimental blocks in Moscow (1928–9) and Sverdlovsk (1928–9). He was involved in avant-garde planning, notably the proposal for a linear Green City, Moscow (1930), and remained active in architecture and planning until his death.
Ginsburg (1982);Khan-Magomedov (1975, 1986, 1987);Kopp (1970);Lissitzky (1970);Shvidkovsky (1970)Jane Turner (1996)