A loose association of Scottish artists active from about 1880 to the turn of the century; there was no formal membership or programme, but the artists involved were linked by a desire to move away from the conservative and parochial values they thought were represented by the Royal Scottish Academy in Edinburgh. Several of them had worked in France and were proponents of open-air painting. There is little obvious association with Glasgow in their work. The Scottish Arts Review, founded in 1888, acted as their mouthpiece. William York Macgregor (1855–1923) is sometimes referred to as the ‘father’ of the group; he was a few years older than most of the others and ran a life class in his Glasgow studio in which many of them used to meet. The heyday of the group was over by 1900 and it did not survive the First World War, but it rejuvenated Scottish art, breaking ground where the Scottish Colourists were soon to follow.
The best-known members were Sir David Young Cameron, Sir James Guthrie, Edward Atkinson Hornel, and Sir John Lavery. See also Glasgow School.