George Gleig was born in Arbuthnot, Kincardineshire on 12 May 1753 and died in Stirling on 9 March 1840. He was educated at King's College, Aberdeen (MA 1773 LL.D. 1796), where his regent was Roderick Macleod. In 1773 he was ordained in the Scottish Episcopal Church. He was cleric of Crail and Pittenweem, Fife, and in 1787 removed to Stirling. During this time he contributed to several British review journals and wrote articles for the third edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica (1788–97). When the editor Colin Macfarquhar died in 1793, Gleig succeeded him as editor of the remaining volumes (13–18), and also edited two supplemental volumes published in 1801. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh and contributed both to its scientific and to its literary proceedings. During the same period Gleig became very friendly with George Berkeley the younger, canon of Canterbury, son of Bishop Berkeley the philosopher, and for a time gave hospitality to the canon's son George Monck Berkeley, minor poet and literary scholar. Gleig's strong personality and anglicizing sympathies brought him quickly to the attention of certain sections of his church but for many years blocked his preferment. In 1808 he became Bishop of Brechin, and in 1816 was appointed primus. Failing health forced him to resign his primacy in 1837, and three years later he died. Aside from his contributions to Britannica, Gleig's principal publication was his Directions for the Study of Theology (1827).
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.