(b. 18 Dec. 1929).
Primate of Poland 1981– Born in Inowroclaw, he was ordained a priest in 1956 and obtained a doctorate in civil and canon law at the Lateran and Gregorian Universities in Rome. He became Wyszynski's secretary in 1967, and was appointed Bishop of Warmia in 1979. He succeeded Wyszynski in 1981, and subsequently tried to mediate between Solidarność and the government led by Jaruzelski. In this way, Glemp inadvertently acquired a greater political role for himself and the Roman Catholic Church. After the fall of Communism, he tried desperately to halt the growing secularization of society. He opposed, for instance, liberalization of legislation on abortion. Glemp supported the continued political involvement of the Church, in favour of market reforms and accession into the EU.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).