glenohumeral joint

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The shoulder joint: a synovial, multiaxial, ball-and-socket joint in which the head of the humerus articulates with the glenoid cavity of the scapula joint stability is sacrificed for flexibility and depends on the surrounding muscles: the ligaments contribute little to stability. This is the most freely movable joint in the body, permitting abduction, adduction, circumduction, extension, flexion, and rotation.

Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

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