duke of Gloucester, Thomas


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Also known as Thomas of Woodstock, from his birthplace. He was the youngest son of Edward III, and uncle to Richard II. In 1376 he was declared constable of England. After serving in France and against the Scots, he was created duke of Gloucester in 1385. He took a prominent part against the royal favourite Michael de la Pole. In 1387 he defeated de Vere (Oxford) at Radcot Bridge, occupied London, seized the king, and used the Merciless Parliament against his adversaries. For some years there was an uneasy rapprochement with Richard, but in 1397 Gloucester was seized, and taken to Calais, where he died, having apparently been smothered under a feather bed.

Subjects: British History.

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