(1911 –1975) A South African anthropologist who became director of the Rhodes–Livingston Institute in Rhodesia and later the leading figure of the Manchester school of anthropology in postwar Great Britain. At the University of Manchester in the 1950s and 1960s, Gluckman gathered together a group of anthropologists (including Victor Turner and J. C. Mitchell) who shared an interest in reconciling the claims of social structure with the problems of individual psychology and social change. Collectively, their work reexamined, challenged, and in certain respects extended the structural-functionalist approach that dominated postwar British social anthropology. Among the most important developments were pioneering studies of process (complementing structural analysis) and of social networks.
From Dictionary of the Social Sciences in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Social Sciences.