The soybean, a legume native to China. Its haploid chromosome number is 20, and its genome size is 1.1 gigabases. The bean is the source of oil used in industry and protein used in human and livestock consumption. The soft, cheese-like bean curd is known as tofu or tubu. The soybean is an example of a nodulating legume (q.v.). See Classification, Plantae, Tracheophyta, Angiospermae, Dicotyledonae, Leguminales;, Rhizobium.
Subjects: Genetics and Genomics.