glucose–alanine cycle

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Chemical reactions preceding gluconeogenesis, which may be important in enabling blood glucose levels to be maintained during prolonged exercise. Protein, including muscle protein, is broken down and some of the amino acids transferred to pyruvic acid to form another amino acid called alanine. Alanine is then transported to the liver where it is converted back into pyruvic acid, and eventually changed to liver glycogen and glucose.

Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Chemistry.

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