Glycolipids of the plasma membrane with the lipid moiety embedded in the bilayer and the carbohydrate protruding into the aqueous phase. In glycosphingolipids the lipid is sphingosine with the amino group acylated by a fatty chain, forming a ceramide. Most of the oligosaccharide chains belong to one of four series, the gangliosides, globosides, lacto-type 1, and lacto-type 2 series. Blood group antigens are GSLs.
Subjects: Medicine and Health — Chemistry.