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(Jap.). In Japanese esoteric Buddhism.these are the ‘five Buddhas’ who occupy the centre of the maṇḍala. Although the contents of the two fundamental maṇḍalas—the Womb-treasury maṇḍala and the Diamond World maṇḍala—differ, they both place the Buddha Mahāvairocana (see Vairocana) at the centre, and then place a subsidiary Buddha at each of the four cardinal points around the centre.

Subjects: Buddhism.

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