French architect, he, with Latrobe, introduced the latest Neo-Classicism to the USA, where he settled (1805–19). Most of his work was in Baltimore, and included the Gothic St Mary's Chapel (1806–8), the Commercial and Farmers' Bank (1812–13—destroyed), the Unitarian Church (1817–18), and the Egyptianizing Battle Monument (1810–27), the first civic monument to be erected in the USA. He returned to France by 1827 after a few years (from 1819) in London (where he designed the RC Charities School, Clarendon Square (1825–6—demol-ished) ). His later works included the Hospice des Aliénés, Nayenne (1829–36), and a new wing to the Palais de Justice (1829–33) and the Préfecture (1831–40), both at Laval. His work was influenced by Blondel and Durand.
R. Alexander (1974);Carrott (1978);Colvin (1995);van Vynckt (ed.) (1993)
Subjects: Architecture — Art.