Joseph-Arthur de Gobineau

(1816—1882) Comte de, French writer and anthropologist

Quick Reference


French diplomat and scholar, the intellectual founder of racism. His most famous book, Essay on the Inequality of Human Races (1853–55), put forward the thesis that the races are innately unequal and that the White Aryan race is not only the purest but also superior to all others. His writings had a sinister influence on the German Nazi theorists, for whom they became a justification for anti-Semitism.

Subjects: Literature — World History.

Reference entries