A term which has gained currency in recent years and is used to describe the flowering of a distinctive Danish school of painting following the final defeat of Napoleon in 1815. The father of the school was Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg who, after training in Paris and Rome, returned to Copenhagen in 1816. Among his pupils was Christen Købke, now acknowledged to be the greatest of the Golden Age painters. Their work is small in scale, fine in detail, and wonderfully conveys a sense of fresh observation of the Danish town- and landscape and of bourgeois life. See Biedermeier.