Friedrich Goldscheider


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(b Plzeň, 6 Nov 1845; d Nice, 19 Jan 1897). Czech ceramics manufacturer. After completing his apprenticeship as a salesman at the haberdashery business of his father Moritz Goldscheider (d 1865) in Pilsen, he constructed a brickworks for the production of fireproof wares. From 1877 he became involved in the porcelain industry. After his marriage in 1873, he settled in Vienna and in 1885 established the Goldscheider'sche Porzellan-Manufaktur und Majolica-Fabrik, the success of which led to the establishment of numerous branches, including a porcelain and earthenware factory in Pilsen and a factory for painting porcelain in Karlsbad (now Karlovy Vary). In 1887 the firm participated in the International Exhibition in Leipzig, where ‘maiolica’ figures with thick, lead glazes were presented. Arthur Strasser, professor at the Wiener Kunstgewerbeschule, worked closely with Goldscheider, and designed numerous figures for the firm primarily in the East Asian style. Production was divided between two centres: in Vienna terracotta and maiolica figures, busts and murals were produced, while in Karlsbad porcelain dinner-services, coffee-, tea- and demi-tasse services were manufactured. In 1891 the firm was granted the patent for decorating wares with a bronze colour. The new wares achieved great popularity especially in Paris, and in 1892 Goldscheider opened a branch there for manufacturing ‘bronzed’ articles. After Goldscheider's death the firm was managed by his widow Regina Goldscheider and his brother Alois Goldscheider, and in 1953, owing to financial difficulties, it finally closed.

From The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

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