Gole, Pierre

(c. 1620—1684)

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(b Bergen, nr Alkmaar, c. 1620; d Paris, 27 Nov 1684). French cabinetmaker of Dutch birth. By 1643 he was in Paris where he was apprenticed to Adrien Garbrant; he later married Garbrant's daughter and took over his workshop. He received his first royal commission in 1661, working in the 1660s at Vincennes and in the 1670s at Versailles. He maintained his workshop in the Rue Arbre-Sec, near the Louvre, though he certainly collaborated with other craftsmen at the royal workshops in the Gobelins, possibly using them for his royal commissions. The tapestry (c. 1667; Versailles, Château) illustrating Louis XIV's visit to the Gobelins in 1667 almost certainly shows Gole presenting a Boulle table to the King. Gole's style developed quickly: his earliest cabinets, in ebony, followed the mid-century style of rich sobriety, but for his first royal commission he decorated a cabinet (untraced) with floral marquetry and during the 1660s and 1670s he used such exotic materials as tortoiseshell, japanning and brass and pewter marquetry with amaranth wood. Among his most exotic pieces were tables with an ivory ground in imitation of porcelain, supplied in the 1670s to the Trianon de Porcelaine at Versailles. A table of this type (Malibu, CA, Getty Mus.) was in Versailles in 1718. A cabinet (London, V&A) made for the King's brother, Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, between 1660 and 1671 is decorated with floral marquetry on an ivory ground.

From The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

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